Causes of Child Delinquency and Crime
Child delinquency is closely related to child crime, and children's delinquency ranges from socially unacceptable behavior such as excessive acts at school, offenses such as running away from home to criminal behavior. Child delinquency is not only criminal acts, but all acts committed by children that are deemed to violate social, school, or community values. Children aged 12 to 18 years are an age range which, from a psychological perspective, is classified as adolescence and has developmental characteristics that may make it difficult for children to adapt, causing behavioral problems. Naughty or criminal children/adolescents are considered maladaptive children, namely children who are unable to carry out behavior in accordance with social values and norms. You can trust your case to Sydney criminal lawyers.
In answering why a child commits a crime, what is obtained is not a single factor but several factors that collectively cause the occurrence of child crime, both internal and external factors. In the internal context, what affects child crime is personality, self-concept, social adjustment, developmental tasks, and low problem-solving abilities. Meanwhile, the external factor is how the family environment such as parenting style, school environment, and peer environment affect the child.
When discussing the problem of delinquency or criminal acts committed by children, the thing you want to know is what is the background or factors that cause children to commit crimes. Internal factors that influence delinquency behavior by children are aspects of personality that come from within children such as low self-concept, social adjustment, and low problem-solving skills, excessive attitudes, and low self-control. Self-concept is how individuals perceive themselves including physical aspects and psychological aspects. The physical aspect is how the individual views the condition of his body and appearance. Meanwhile, the psychological aspect is how the individual views his or her abilities, self-esteem, and self-confidence.
The external factor that has a big influence on children with a crime is the family, in this case, the family environment. The condition of the family environment during the development of children and adolescents has long been considered to have a relationship with the emergence of antisocial behavior and crimes committed by adolescents. Several studies on the development of delinquency and crime in adolescents found that crime was caused by the experience of poor parenting. The three parenting styles for children, namely authoritarian, permissive, and uninvolved parenting, cause a child to behave anti-social. In authoritarian parenting, parents apply very rigid and sometimes violent discipline, it is not uncommon for children to experience bad, abusive, wasteful parenting and there is violence in the family when the child is in early childhood development, the child will have low self-esteem. Not only that, children will also develop violent behavior in their siblings and also develop anti-social behavior.